Nature’s Biomes
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Learn even a little about some of Earth’s incredible natural environments and you’ll see why we’ve made sharing this knowledge our life’s work. Forests, Wetlands and Oceans are all biomes of the natural world. Unique and incredibly diverse, all three have vital functions that support the equilibrium of our environment.

Sometimes called the lungs of the Earth, forests like the Amazon rainforest of South America, and the Boreal Forest or the Taiga in Russia are some of our most precious earthly treasures and a major player in carbon sequestration.
Rainforests are Earth’s oldest living ecosystems, with some surviving in their present form for at least 70 million years.

Boreal Forest – also known as snow forest, or in Russia, called the Taiga – grow in high northern latitudes, including in Russia, Mongolia, Japan, Norway, Sweden, and Scotland. It is comprised of mainly coniferous forests, and while less well publicised than rainforest, it is equally important for carbon sequestration.

Russia’s boreal forests make up the largest forested region on the planet – even larger than the Amazon (12M km2) and as such a crucial asset in protecting Earth’s climate. The biome is 50N latitude. It is the largest ‘terrestrial biome’ on Earth.

A much underappreciated ecosystem, which, in keeping with describing forests as the Earth’s lungs, could be described as the kidneys of the Earth.
Among other benefits, wetlands play a vital role in cleansing water systems, protect coasts against flooding, and support a huge array of unique flora and fauna, including many endangered birds, insects and more.

In Aquamarine's home country New Zealand, we have now lost more than 90% of our original wetlands.

Without broad public understanding and appreciation of the importance of these ecosystems, their destruction has continued to go on at great pace all over the world.

Long the foundation of Aquamarine’s business and our passion. Oceans are Earth’s biggest carbon sink.
Our oceans’ ecosystems are highly vulnerable to a changing climate, with global warming and acidification having a devastating effect already on fragile environments such as coral reefs.

Presently, oceans are CO2 sinks, and represent the largest active carbon sink on Earth, absorbing more than a quarter of the carbon dioxide that humans put into the air.

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